© Sergio Grazia
© Sergio Grazia
© Hengzhong Lv
© Hengzhong Lv
© Sergio Grazia
© Hufton+Crow
© Hengzhong Lv
© Hufton+Crow
© Roland Halbe
© Hufton+Crow

China Pavilion for Expo Milano 2015

Rejecting the notion of cultural pavilion as an object in a plaza, the China Pavilion is conceived as a field of spaces located beneath a floating cloud.  The Pavilion embodies the project’s theme, “The Land of Hope,” through its unique roof form, which merges the profile of a city skyline on the building’s north side with the profile of a rolling landscape on the south side, expressing that “hope” can be realized when city and nature exist in harmony. Beneath this roof, a landscaped field representing the concept of “Land,” incorporates the building’s exhibition program.

Designed as a freeform timber structure, the Pavilion roof uses contemporary glulam technology to create a long-span exhibition space covering a multimedia installation (the centerpiece of the Pavilion’s cultural program) consisting of 22,000 LED stalks integrated into the landscape.

A layer of shingled bamboo panels covers the roof, adding texture and depth to the Pavilion’s silhouette and creating evocative light and shadow effects on the building’s translucent waterproofing membrane.  These roof panels were designed via a uniquely digital process, which began by programming their geometry directly using Processing. This was followed by an intense optimization and rationalization effort intended to ensure that the panels would closely follow the roof form while streamlining fabrication and construction.


  • Project Name: China Pavilion for Expo Milano 2015
  • Client: China Council for the Promotion of International Trade
  • Organizer: Expo Milano 2015
  • Architect: Tsinghua University + Studio Link-Arc
  • Chief Architect: Yichen Lu
  • Project Manager: Kenneth Namkung, Qinwen Cai
  • Project Team:  Alban Denic, Shuning Fan, Mario Bastianelli, Ching-Tsung Huang, Hyunjoo Lee, Dongyul Kim, Ivi Diamantopoulou, Wei Huang, Zachary Grzybowski, Elvira Hoxha, Aymar Mariño-Maza, Zhou Yuan, Chen Hu, Yoko Fujita
  • Architect and Engineer of Record: F&M Ingegneria
  • Structural Engineer: Simpson Gumpertz & Heger + F&M Ingegneria
  • Enclosure Engineer: Elite Facade Consultants + ATLV
  • MEP Engineer: F&M Ingegneria + Beijing Qingshang Environmental Art & Architectural Design
  • General Contractor: China Arts Construction and Decoration Company + Unique Europe + Bodino Engineering
  • Model Photo: Zheheng Hong
  • Project Director: Dan Su
  • Design Director: Yue Zhang, Yi Du
  • Exhibition Design: Yanyang Zhou, Danqing Shi
  • Landscape Design: Xiaosheng Cui
  • Interior Design: Jiansong Wang
  • Lighting Design: Yi Du, Xiaoxi Liu
  • Visual Identity Design: Xin Gu